Sir Henry Finch [28230]
(Abt 1553-1625)
Ursula Thwaites [28231]
John Finch 1st Baron Finch of Fordwich [28232]


Family Links

Eleanor Wyatt [28236]

John Finch 1st Baron Finch of Fordwich [28232] 25

  • Born: 17 Sep 1584
  • Marriage: Eleanor Wyatt [28236]
  • Died: 27 Nov 1660 at age 76
  • Buried: St Martins Church, near Canterbury

bullet  General Notes:

Lord Chief Justice. generally known as Sir John Finch, English judge, a member of the old family of Finch, was called to the bar in 1611. He was returned to parliament for Canterbury in 1614, and became recorder of the same place in 1617. Having attracted the notice of Charles I, who visited Canterbury in 1625, and was received with an address by Finch in his capacity as recorder, he was the following year appointed kings counsel and attorney-general to the Queen and was knighted. In 1628 he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons, a post which he retained till its dissolution in 1629. He was the speaker who was held down in his chair by Holles and others on the occasion of Sir John Eliots resolution on tonnage and poundage. In 1634 he was appointed Chief Justice of the court of common pleas, and distinguished himself by the active zeal with which he upheld the kings prerogative. Notable also was the brutality which characterized his conduct as chief justice, particularly in the cases of William Prynne and John Langton. He presided over the trial of John Hampden, who resisted the payment of ship-money, and be was chiefly responsible for the decision of the judges that ship-money was constitutional. As a reward for his services he was, in 1640, appointed lord keeper, and was also created Baron Finch of Fordwich. He had, however, become so unpopular that one of the first acts of the Long Parliament, which met in the same year was his impeachment. He took refuge in Holland, but had to suffer the sequestration of his estates. When he was allowed to return to England is uncertain, but in 1660 he was one of the commissioners for the trial of the regicides, though he does not appear to have taken much part in the proceedings. His peerage becoming extinct at his death.


John married Eleanor Wyatt [28236] [MRIN: 12878], daughter of Sir George Wyatt [28216] and Jane Flmch [28217]. (Eleanor Wyatt [28236] was born in 1591 in Allington Castle, Boxley, Kent, England.)

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