Artaxias (Artashes) I "the Conqueror" King of Armenia 
- Born: 230 B.C.
- Marriage: Satenik 
- Died: 159 B.C. at age 71
Strategos and King of Armenia
King Artashes was the founder of the Artashesid dynasty and grandfather of Tigran the Great). This dynasty was an offshoot of the Parthian royal house, reflecting Armenia's status then as Parthian protectorate. He built the city of Artashat (Artaxata) on the Araks River. He is mentioned in the works of Strabo and Plutarch.
Artaxias I (also called Artaxes or Artashes, Armenian : (reigned 190 BC/189 BC\endash 160 BC/159 BC) was the founder of the Artaxiad Dynasty whose members ruled the Kingdom of Armenia for nearly two centuries.
By the end of the 3rd century BC, Armenia was a kingdom made up of around 120 dynastic domains ruled by nakharars , loosely united under the Orontid kings of Greater and Lesser Armenia . Even though Alexander the Great did not conquer Armenia, Hellenistic culture had strongly impacted Armenian society. When Antiochus the Great wrestled Armenia from Orontid rule he appointed Artaxias as strategos . Following his monarch's defeat by the Romans at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, Artaxias and his co-strategos Zariadres revolted and, with Roman consent, began to reign autonomously with the title of king; Artaxias over Greater Armenia and Zariadres over Sophene /Lesser Armenia.
Artaxias was married to Satenik , daughter of the king of Alans . They had six sons: Artavasdes (Artavazd) , Vruyr , Mazhan, Zariadres (Zareh), Tiran and Tigranes (Tigran). Artaxias founded a capital, Artaxata on the Araks River near Lake Sevan . Hannibal took refuge there at his court when Antiochus could not protect him any longer. Artaxias was taken captive by Antiochus IV Epiphanes when he attacked Armenia around 165 BC.
It is said that when Hannibal fled from the Romans and came to Armenia , he suggested different projects to the Armenian king and taught him several useful things. When he saw the beautiful landscape and nature in Armenia he drew a sketch for the future city. Then he took Artashes to the spot and asked him to personally supervise the building of the city. Thus a big and beautiful city was named after the king, Artashat, and became his capital. 
1. ^ Pliny, Natural history 6.9.
2. ^ Strabo, Geography 11.14.15
3. ^ Plutarch, Roman historian (AD 46\endash 120), Lucullus
Artaxias married Satenik  [MRIN: 551617124].