Artaces (Artog/Artak) I King of Iberia 
- Marriage: Unknown
- Buried: 0063 B.C.
Varbak established his son Artak --who was married to Mirvan's daughter--as king of Iberia. His reign was successful. He built numerous strongholds and fortified the walls of the city of Tsunda in Jawaxet'. Thus, having reigned with success, he died. [g27]
His son Artak [Artoces/Artog, 78-63 B.C.] ruled over the Iberians as king for two years. In his day the Iranians came to avenge the blood of P'arnajom. However, because of their multitude, Artog was unable to encounter them; rather, he secured himself against them. Whomever [the Iranians] found in open places, they took, and departed.
After Artog his son Barton [Pharnabazus II/Bartom, 63-30 B.C.] ruled. `
Artoces was a king of Iberia (modern-day Georgia ) from 78 to 63 BC. He features in the Classical accounts of the Third Mithridatic War (Appian , Bell. Mithr. 103, 117; Cassius Dio 37.1-2; Eutropius 6.14 [Artaces]; Festus 16; Orosius 6.4.8) and is identified with the Artag (Georgian : or Arik ( of the medieval Georgian annals.
According to the Georgian historic tradition, he was the son and successor of Artaxias I of the Artaxiads . The medieval Georgian account of his reign is brief and focuses on the devastation of his kingdom at the hands of Iranians while the Classical sources much closer to the period in question contain a detailed description of Artoces's war with Rome on the side of Mithridates VI of Pontus and Tigranes of Armenia .
Alarmed by the Roman occupation of the neighboring Albania , Artoces promised peace and friendship; but the Roman commander Pompey , informed that he was secretly arming so as to fall upon the Romans on their march in the passes of the Caucasus , advanced in March 65 BC, before resuming the pursuit of Mithridates, to the Iberian strongholds of Harmozica and Seusamora . Artoces, caught by surprise, hastily burnt the bridge over the Kura and retreated further in his forested country. Pompey occupied the fortresses and crossed the river, but met a fierce resistance by the Iberian army. In the end, the Romans prevailed, and, when Artoces saw the Pelorus also crossed by Pompey, he surrendered, and sent his children as hostages.
1. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril . Chronology of the Early Kings of Iberia. Traditio 25 (1969), p. 11.
2. ^ Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, pp. 282-283. Peeters Bvba ISBN 90-429-1318-5 .
3. ^ Roman History by Cassius Dio , Book XXXVII, pp. 99-101. Published in Vol. V of the Loeb Classical Library edition, 1917.