Pharasmenes (Parsman) II King of Iberia 
- Born: Abt 0070
- Marriage: Ghadama 
- Died: Abt 132 about age 62
The above-mentioned kings died. Hamazasp ruled at Armaz and Derok in K'art'li. After them P'arsman [Pharasmanes/ P'arsman II the Good, 116-132] and Mihrdat [ruled]. This Mihrdat married an Iranian woman of the royal line. At the urging of the Iranians, he grew to hate P'arsman of Armaz and plotted to kill him while in his cups in his own home. When P'arsman learned about this he did not go to [answer Mihrdat's] summons. The affair was exposed and the two became enemies. P'arsman was a good man, handsome of looks and stature, merciful, wise and as brave a warrior as an incorporeal [hero]. All the Iberians liked him and loathed Mihrdat. As a result of this, the latter fled to Iran and P'arsman set up in his place an intrepid man named P'arnawaz, his own sparapet , milk-brother, and age-peer. Mihrdat took Iranian [troops] and came against P'arsman. P'arsman, taking Armenian troops went before him at Hrinsi Xeri, which is  Iron Valley ( Erkat 'adzor ). Iranian single-combatants requested [combat with] P'arsman and his sparapet . P'arsman killed seventeen men and the sparapet, [g35] twenty-three. Then a truly gigantic Iranian named Jiwansher sought [combat with] P'arsman; the latter went against him, delightedly. The battle between them lasted for many hours and resembled the thundering of clouds. But the handsome, mighty P'arsman struck, felled, and killed that monstrous giant. Then he shouted to the army: "Oh braves, oh sleeping lions, approach these sheep beaten by the hail". Then the Armenian and Iberian troops mercilessly made carnage of all the Iranians throughout the country. Mihrdat escaped to Iran. The next year he came against P'arsman with an army twice as large, coming to Mts'xet'a, which he besieged. Once again the Iranian champions sought [combat with] P'arsman and his sparapet . P'arsman killed twelve of them, while his sparapet killed sixteen men; attacking with sword, he crushed and destroyed the multitude of them. Mihrdat fled to Iran. Then the brave P'arsman himself, with Armenian power, destroyed and demolished Iran. [The Iranians] made a stratagem and sent a destructive man (to whom they had given poison) as an emigrant so that he would kill P'arsman unawares. He did so, treacherously slaying the all-triumphant brave; and he made all of Iberia weep, from the lowly to the grandees. P'arsman's sparapet P'arnawaz took P'arsman's wife and son and went to Armenia. With their aid he set up a district chief ( gawarapet )  [g36] at Armaz and in all of his sector, people who remained loyal to P'arsman. Now Mihrdat, taking Iranian [forces] came to Iberia and took his sector. The king of Armenia, having been reconciled with the Greeks, went against the Iranians and Mihrdat. He encountered them on the Lex river, killed Mihrdat and the Iranian prince, and enthroned in Iberia P'arsman's son, Admi [Radamistus/Adam, 132-35]. Radamistus lived for three years and then died leaving an infant son. Through him P'arsman's wife ruled Iberia.
The Georgian Chronicle
Pharasmanes II (P'arsman; Georgian ) was a king of Iberia , or Kartli (in modern Georgia ), contemporary of the Roman emperor Hadrian (r. 117-138). Professor Cyril Toumanoff suggests A.D. 116-132 as the years of Pharasmanes' reign. He features in several Classical accounts and can be identified with P'arsman K'ueli, "the Valiant" or "the Good", of the medieval Georgian tradition.
The medieval Georgian annals report P'arsman K'ueli's joint rule with P'arsman Avaz, diarchs (one source has the extra pair: Rok and Mihrdat), but several modern scholars consider the Iberian diarchy unlikely as it is not corroborated by the contemporary evidence. P'arsman is reported to have been the son of his predecessor, Amazasp I . He is said to have married Ghadana, daughter of the king of Armenia (who must have been Vologases I ). According to the medieval Life of Kings, the traditional friendship of the two dyarchs soured at the instigation of the Iranian wife of Mihrdat. Toumanoff regards this information a back-projection of the historically recorded enmity of Pharasmanes I of Iberia and his brother Mithridates of Armenia . The chronicle then continues a story of an Armenian-Roman alliance and their invasion of the Iranian -backed Iberia in which P'arsman finds his death.
The contemporary Classical authors, with more solid historical background, focus on Pharasmanes' uneasy relations with Rome. He refused in 129 to come and pay homage to the emperor Hadrian then touring the East, and prompted the Alans to attack the neighboring Roman provinces by giving them a passage through his realm, even though the emperor had sent him greater gifts \emdash including an elephant \emdash than to any other king of the East. In his pique, Hadrian dressed some 300 criminals in the gold-embroidered cloaks which were part of the return gift of Pharasmanes, and sent them into the arena. Eventually, the ancient sources report a highly honored visit paid by Pharasmanes of Iberia to Hadrian's successor Antoninus Pius . This Pharasmanes, however, might have been Pharasmanes III , Pharasmanes II's possible grandson.
1. ^ a b Toumanoff, Cyril. Chronology of the Early Kings of Iberia. Traditio 25 (1969), p. 17.
2. ^ Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, pp. 289-290. Peeters Publishers, ISBN 90-429-1318-5 .
Pharasmenes married Ghadama  [MRIN: 551617137], daughter of Sanatroukes "the Apostle-killer" King of Armenia  and Unknown.