Salathiel (Shealtiel) (Pediah?) ha-David 
Meaning: redemption of the Lord
The father of Zerubbabel (1 Chr. 3:17-19).
Meaning: whom I asked of God
the son of Jeconiah <http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/jechonias.html> (Matt. 1:12 <http://christiananswers.net/bible/mat1.html>; 1 Chr. 3:17 <http://christiananswers.net/bible/1chr3.html>); also called the son of Neri (Luke 3:27 <http://christiananswers.net/bible/luke3.html>)
The probable explanation of the apparent discrepancy is that he was the son of Neri, the descendant of Nathan <http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/nathan.html>, and thus heir to the throne of David <http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/david.html> on the death of Jeconiah <http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/jechonias.html> (compare Jer. 22:30 <http://christiananswers.net/bible/jer22.html>).
Also known as:
Jechoniah (in New Revised Standard Version)
Jeconiah (1 Chr. 3:16 </bible/1chr3.html>)
Coniah (an abbreviation of Jeconiah) (Jer. 22:24 </bible/jer22.html>)
one of the Israelite kings in the legal ancestry of Jesus Christ </dictionary/jesus.html>, through his foster-father Joseph </dictionary/joseph-fosterfatherofjesus.html>, a descendant of King David </dictionary/david.html> (Matt. 1:16 </bible/mat1.html>)
See: Matthew 1:11-12 </bible/mat1.html>
"It was Jechoniah whose sins caused God to cut his seed off from ever sitting on David's throne (Jeremiah 22:24-30 </bible/jer22.html>). …Jechoniah's royal line of descendants is listed here [in the genealogy of Matthew 1] to show the legal right of Joseph </dictionary/joseph-fosterfatherofjesus.html>, the foster father of Jesus, to David's throne (Matthew 1:16 </bible/mat1.html>). Neither Joseph nor any others of Jechoniah's seed could ever have the spiritual right to the throne. That right must be carried through Mary's </dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html> ancestry" (Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defender's Study Bible, note for Matt. 1:11.).
See: Mary, mother of Jesus http://christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html
"Coniah is an abbreviation of Jeconiah (1 Chronicles 3:16 ), which is another form of the name Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:6 ). Coniah was the last king of Judah in the direct line from King David . When he was deported to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chronicles 36:10 ), Coniah's uncle Zedekiah was assigned to rule Judah for a brief reign, but he also was put down, and no later king was ever able to regain the throne" (Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defender's Study Bible, note for Jer. 22:24 .).
See Jeremiah 22:24-30 and 33:15-17 .
For more information about this man, see Jehoiachin .
Author: Paul S. Taylor
The genealogy tables of the Gospels, Matthew (1:1-16) <http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew%201:1-16;&version=31;> and Luke (3:23-38) <http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke%203:21-38;&version=31;>, agree with the Hebrew Biblical texts that declare Shealtiel (not Pedaiah) is the father of Zerubbabel.
Matthew's genealogy likewise agrees that Shealtiel is the son of Jeconiah. However, Luke's instead lists Shealtiel as the son of an otherwise unknown man named Neri .
The Genealogy from Adam to Jesus Christ <http://www.custance.org/old/adamjesus.html>
"But Jechonias appears to have had a son of his own by this widow of the royal line. This son's name was Salathiel (No. 2 and No. 56 in the two pedigree lines). By this marriage of a widow to Jechonias, these two boys - sons of the same mother - would become brothers by Jewish custom. However, Salathiel appears to have died childless, though not until he had reached manhood and married a wife. Jehoiakim's blood line thus came to an end in his grandson Salathiel - indicated by termination of the red line. But as it happens the actual title to the throne remained active. The curse of Jeremiah 36:30 was to be fulfilled not by the removal of the title itself from Jehoiakim's line but by the denial of that title to anyone who happened to be a blood relative in the line. With the death of Salathiel this blood line terminated. But now, according to Jewish custom as set forth in the principle of the Levirate (Deut. 25:5,6), it became incumbent upon Pedaiah, the deceased Salathiel's (step) brother, to take his widow and raise up seed through her who would not therefore be of Salathiel's blood line but would be constituted legally as Salathiel's son through whom the title would pass to his descendants. The son of this Levirate union was Zerubbabel. In Matthew 1:12 and Luke 3:27 Zerubbabel is listed legally as Salathiel's son: but in 1 Chronicles 3:19 he is listed as the son of Pedaiah by actual blood relationship. In the terms of biblical reckoning these two statements are in no sense contradictory. We might wish to be more precise by substituting such extended terms of relationship as son-in-law, stepson, and so forth. But Scripture is not required to adopt our particular terminology. It is required only to be consistent with itself, and the facts of the case as recorded of those who were the actors in the drama are precisely as stated. We thus have a remarkable chain of events. Jehoiakim has a son, Jechonias, who has a son, Salathiel, who by Levirate custom has a son named Zerubbabel. This son, Zerubbabel, has no blood line connection whatever with Jechonias, for he has no blood relationship with Salathiel. The blood relationship of Zerubbabel is with Pedaiah, and through Pedaiah with Pedaiah's mother, and through this mother with Neri. Thus Neri begat a grandson, Salathiel, through his daughter; and Salathiel "begets" a son, Zerubbabel, through Pedaiah. The blood line thus passes through Zerubbabel: but so does the title also. The former passes via Pedaiah's mother, the latter passes through Salathiel's father. And though this mother and this father were also man and wife, the blood line stopped with Salathiel who literally died childless. It is necessary to emphasize this word literally, for it appears that it was literally true. Jeremiah 22:30 had predicted that Jechonias would also die "childless"-but we are reasonably sure that this was not literally the case, for he had a son Salathiel whom we cannot otherwise account for."
Another explanation is that the persons in Luke's genealogy are not the same as the ones in Matthew and other genealogies. Luke's Shealtiel and Zerubbabel may have lived about three or four generations after the return from the exile. The Shealtiel in Luke's gospel then may have named his own son after the more famous Zerubbabel.