- Born: 0026 B.C.
- Marriage: Joseph ben JACOB 
Mary (mother of Jesus)
Hebrew: Miriam .
Mary was the wife of Joseph and the mother of Jesus Christ , who was conceived within her by the Holy Spirit when she was a virgin . She is often called the "Virgin Mary," though never in Scripture are those two words put together as a proper name (Matt. 2:11 ; Matthew 1:23 ; Luke 1:27 ; Acts 1:14 ).
Little is known of her personal history. Her genealogy is given in Luke 3 (see below). She was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (Psalm 132:11 ). She was connected by marriage with Elisabeth , who was of the lineage of Aaron (Luke 1:36 ).
While she resided at Nazareth with her parents, before she became the wife of Joseph , the angel Gabriel announced to her that she was to be the mother of the promised Messiah (Luke 1:35 ). After this she went to visit her cousin Elisabeth , who was living with her husband Zacharias (probably at Juttah , Josh. 15:55 ; 21:16 , in the neighborhood of Maon ), at a considerable distance, about 100 miles, from Nazareth . Immediately on entering the house she was saluted by Elisabeth as the mother of her Lord, and then immediately gave her hymn of thanksgiving (Luke 1:46-56 ; compare 1 Sam. 2:1-10 ). After three months Mary returned to Nazareth to her own home.
Joseph was supernaturally made aware (Matt. 1:18-25 ) of her condition, and took her to his own home. Soon after this the decree of Augustus (Luke 2:1 ) required that they should proceed to Bethlehem (Micah 5:2 ), some 80 or 90 miles from Nazareth; and while they were there they found shelter in the inn or khan provided for strangers (Luke 2:6,7 ). But as the inn was crowded, Mary had to retire to a place among the cattle, and there she brought forth her son, who was called Jesus (Matt. 1:21 ), because he was to save his people from their sins.
This was followed by the presentation in the temple , the flight into Egypt , and their return in the following year and residence at Nazareth (Matt. 2 ). There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter , resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her. During these years only one event in the history of Jesus is recorded, viz., his going up to Jerusalem when twelve years of age, and his being found among the doctors in the temple (Luke 2:41-52 ). Probably also during this period Joseph died, for he is not again mentioned.
After the commencement of our Lord's public ministry little notice is taken of Mary. She was present at the marriage in Cana . A year and a half after this we find her at Capernaum (Matt. 12:46,48,49 ), where Christ uttered the memorable words, "Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren!" The next time we find her is at the cross along with her sister Mary , and Mary Magdalene , and Salome , and other women (John 19:26 ). From that hour John took her to his own abode . She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension (Acts 1:14 ). From this time she wholly disappears from public notice. The time and manner of her death are unknown.
Author: Matthew G. Easton, with editing by Paul S. Taylor.
MARY'S OTHER CHILDREN
Mary's other sons included Joses (Joseph ), James , Judas , and Simon . There were evidently sisters as well, but they are unnamed (Matthew 13:55-56 ; Mark 6:3 ).
Mary was a direct descendant of King David which gave Jesus the right to ascend the Jewish throne, both through Mary and through adoption by his foster father, Joseph . Mary's genealogy is supplied in Luke 3:23-38 . Dr. Henry Morris explains the genealogy in Luke :
"Joseph was clearly the son of Jacob (Matthew 1:16 , so this verse [Luke 3:23 - says "son of Heli "] should be understood to mean "son-in-law of Heli ." Thus, the genealogy of Christ in Luke is actually the genealogy of Mary, while Matthew gives that of Joseph . Actually, the word "son" is not in the original, so it would be legitimate to supply either "son" or "son-in-law" in this context. Since Matthew and Luke clearly record much common material, it is certain that neither one could unknowingly incorporate such a flagrant apparent mistake as the wrong genealogy in his record. As it is, however, the two genealogies show that both parents were descendants of David -Joseph through Solomon (Matthew 1:7-15 ), thus inheriting the legal right to the throne of David , and Mary through Nathan (Luke 3:23-31 ), her line thus carrying the seed of David , since Solomon's line had been refused the throne because of Jechoniah's sin " [Dr. Henry M. Morris, The Defender's Study Bible, note for Luke 3:23 (Iowa Falls, Iowa: World Publishing, Inc., 1995).].
Although Jesus was clearly legally related to both parents (to Mary, by being born from her, and to Joseph by legal adoption ), was he genetically related to them or to his brothers and sisters?
For thousands of years, every human child has been born with an inherited sin nature and sinful flesh (Romans 8:3 ). This is a result of our sinful first parents, Adam and Eve to whom we are all genetically related. Each generation (without exception) has sinned (Rom. 3:23 ) and passed on its sinful nature and the curse of death, to each succeeding generation (the biblical doctrine of imputation of sin - Romans 5:12-19 ). There is only one exception in history. Although Jesus grew in the womb of Mary, in the same manner as any baby, he was different from all other babies. It appears that he was not genetically related to either Mary or Joseph, for both had an inherited sin nature. Jesus was sinless, and one may reasonably assume without genetic flaw, since he was to serve as the spotless and sacrificial Lamb of God.
Ever since the Creation , each subsequent life has been created at the moment of conception. Scientifically, the new entity begins at the moment the DNA of man and woman combine. This was not the case with Jesus. As a spirit and part of the Trinity , Jesus existed before the Creation of the world. In fact, John reveals that he is the Creator (John 1 ).
Furthermore, the physical body of Jesus as born in Bethlehem was clearly a special creation of God, placed in Mary's womb. This is the biblical doctrine of the Virgin Birth.
Thus, neither Christ's spirit nor his body must have resulted from the DNA of Mary's egg or from any man's sperm. Both would have contained inherited genetic defects and the sin nature. As Scripture tells us, Jesus was truly the Second Adam. The first Adam was a special creation of God (not related to any human being), and so was the second Adam (Romans 5:12-19 ). Jesus was just as fully human as the first Adam . And just like the first Adam, he had no sin nature , no inherited sin, no sinful flesh, which has always been passed from one generation to the next since Adam and Eve's sin. He was absolutely pure and without sin\emdash from the day he was born, till the day he died. He had to be\emdash he was the Lamb of God, without blemish or spot, sacrificed for sins (John 1:29 ). (For further explanation, see: CREATION AND THE VIRGIN BIRTH <http://www.icr.org/pubs/imp/imp-030.htm> and WHEN GOD BECAME MAN ]
Author: Paul S. Taylor.
Was Jesus born in a stable?
The Biblical story of the birth of Jesus is found primarily in Luke 2 . Dr. Luke neither quotes nor mentions an innkeeper. We suggest the story does not refer to an inn , a cave or even a barn , but rather a house !
The text of Luke 2 notes there was no room for Mary and Joseph in the "inn." Unfortunately, the Greek term translated inn (kataluma) had multiple meanings, among them inn or caravansary. Used only one other time in the New Testament (Luke 22:11 and the parallel passage, Mark 14:14 ), it was the place where Jesus observed the Last Supper with His disciples . Here, Dr. Luke gave additional information about the kataluma. He said it was a furnished large upper story room within a private Jerusalem house . The kataluma of the last night of Jesus' earthly ministry was the "upper room."
We suggest the kataluma of Jesus' first night was a similar room in Bethlehem . Mary and Joseph came into town with Mary ready to deliver. Arriving at Joseph's ancestral home, they found it already full of other family members who had arrived earlier. While the exact reason space was not made for a pregnant woman is unknown, it probably indicates the house was full of elder members of Joseph's family, who had priority.
So that is when Mary and Joseph went to the barn , right? Not exactly. The Biblical account mentions neither barn nor cave\emdash it is assumed because of the manger . Mangers are animal feeding troughs, and barns are where one would expect to find them. But in the ancient world, as well as in primitive modern cultures, mangers are also found within the house itself. Animals are regularly kept in homes at night.
A small number of flock animals were housed, not in attached exterior sheds, but inside the house in one of the ground floor rooms. Here, animals, tools and agricultural produce were stored. Here, too, food was prepared and possibly consumed. Family sleeping quarters were on the second floor (an upper room). By being inside, the animals were protected from the elements and theft. In addition, their presence provided body heat for cool nights, access to milk for the daily meal and dung as a critical fuel source.
Excavations in Israel have uncovered numerous installations within domestic structures which probably represent ancient mangers. Some are carved, but most are stone built. Wooden mangers, of course, have not survived in the archaeological record.
Consequently, Mary and Joseph did not find space in the living quarters of the ancestral family home. Instead, they stayed downstairs in the domestic stable, still within the ancestral home, where a manger or two was located. Here they were visited by the shepherds , and maybe the wise men some time later.
Mary (Aramaic , Hebrew : , Mary Miriam Arabic : , Maryam), usually referred to by Christians as the Virgin Mary or Saint Mary, was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee , identified in the New Testament [Mt. 1:16,18-25 <http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt.%201:16,18-25;&version=TNIV;>] [Lk. 1:26-56 <http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk.%201:26-56;&version=TNIV;>] [2:1-7 <http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%202:1-7;&version=TNIV;>] as the mother of Jesus of Nazareth . Muslims also refer to her as the Virgin Mary or Syeda Mariam which means Our Lady Mary. In Islam she is the mother of the Prophet Jesus, Issa in the Arabic language. The New Testament describes her as a virgin (Greek parthénos) Christians believe that she conceived her son miraculously by the agency of the Holy Spirit . This took place when she was already the betrothed wife of Saint Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of Jewish marriage , the formal home-taking ceremony. Mary is also described in the Qur'an, the 19th sura (chapter) of the Qur'an Sura </wiki/Sura> Maryam (Arabic : ãÑíã S Maryam. It is named after Mary the Semitic name for Mary, Mother of Jesus (Issa).
The New Testament begins its account of Mary's life with the Annunciation , the appearance to her of the angel Gabriel heralding her divine selection to be mother of Jesus. However, early non-biblical writings state that she was the daughter of Joachim and Saint Anne . The Bible records Mary's role in key events of the life of Jesus from his virgin birth to his crucifixion . Other apocryphal writings tell of her subsequent death and bodily assumption into heaven.
A number of important doctrines concerning Mary are held by Christian churches. Primary among these are that Mary lived a sinless life, and that as mother of Jesus, she became Theotokos , literally the "God-bearer", or "Mother of God". This doctrine was confirmed by the Ecumenical Council of Ephesus in the year 431. Christians of the major ancient traditions including the Catholic and the Orthodox offer prayers to God through Mary and venerate her as intercessor and mother of the church. Many Protestants , however, do not follow these devotions. Mary is also honoured in Islam as the virgin mother of Jesus. In Jewish Toledot Yeshu Jesus was recorded as the son of Mary and Joseph ben Pantera .
Mary married Joseph ben JACOB  [MRIN: 551617407], son of Jacob  and Unknown. (Joseph ben JACOB  was born in 0044 B.C. and died in 0023.)