Aurelia Cotta 
- Born: 120 B.C.
- Marriage: Gaius Julius III Caesar 
- Died: 0054 B.C. at age 66
Aurelia Cotta or Aurelia (120 BC-54 BC) was the mother of dictator Gaius Julius Caesar . She was a daughter of Rutilia and Lucius Aurelius Cotta. Her father was consul in 119 BC and her paternal grandfather of the same name was consul in 144 BC. The Aurelii Cottae family were prominent during the Roman Republican era. Her mother Rutilia, was a member of the gens Rutilius cognominated Rufus. They were of consular rank.
Three of her half-brothers were consuls: Gaius Aurelius Cotta in 75 BC, Marcus Cotta in 74 BC and Lucius Cotta in 65 BC; they were the sons of her mother, Rutilia's second marriage with her paternal uncle Gaius Aurelius Cotta.
Aurelia married a praetor Gaius Julius Caesar . Her husband died 85 BC-84 BC. Their children were:
Julia Caesaris Major
Julia Caesaris Minor (101 BC-51 BC)
Gaius Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC)
The historian Tacitus considers her an ideal Roman matron and thinks highly of her. Plutarch describes her as a "strict and respectable" woman. Highly intelligent, independent and renowned for her beauty and common sense, Aurelia was held in high regard throughout Rome.
Aurelia and her family were very influential in her son's upbringing and security. Her husband, the elder Gaius Caesar, was often away, so the task of raising their son fell mostly on Aurelia's shoulders. When the younger Caesar was about 18, he was ordered by the then dictator of Rome, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, to divorce his young wife Cornelia. Young Caesar firmly refused, and by so doing, put himself at great risk from Sulla. Aurelia became involved in the petition to save her son and along with her brother Gaius Cotta , defended young Caesar against the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla .
During the Bona Dea festival, held at Caesar's house, it was she who discovered Publius Clodius disguised as a woman, ostensibly in order to start or continue an affair with her second daughter-in-law Pompeia Sulla (see, Pompeia (wife of Julius Caesar) . Although Caesar himself admitted her possible innocence, he divorced her shortly after saying, "Caesar's wife must be above suspicion."
After her first daughter in law Cornelia Cinna minor died young, Aurelia raised her young granddaughter Julia Caesaris in her stead and presided as mistress over her son's households.
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Aurelia married Gaius Julius III Caesar  [MRIN: 551617500], son of Gaius Julius II Caesar  and Marcia . (Gaius Julius III Caesar  was born about 140 B.C. and died in 0085 B.C..)