Sir Dudley Digges Knight 
- Born: Abt 19 May 1583
- Marriage: Mary Kempe 
- Died: 18 Mar 1638/39 about age 55
Sir Dudley Digges (Digges Court , Barham, Kent , 19 May c. 1583 \endash 18 March 1639), of Chilham Castle , Kent (which he completed in 1616), was a Member of Parliament , elected to the Parliament of 1614  and that of 1621 , and also a "Virginia adventurer," an investor who ventured his capital in the Virginia Company of London . Among the "planters," who emigrated in the 1640s, was Digges's son Edward , who became Governor of Virginia .
Digges was the son of Sir Thomas Digges M.P., the celebrated geometer , and Anne St Leger (1555-1636), daughter of Warham St Leger  and connection of a branch of the Neville family.
He married Lady Mary Kempe (b. 1583), youngest daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Kempe of Olantigh , Kent. They had eight sons and three daughters. Besides Edward, another son, Dudley (c. 1612-1643) published a treatise on the Illegality of Subjects taking up Arms against their Sovereigns (1643).
Having graduated from Christ Church, Oxford , in 1601, Digges was knighted by James I at Whitehall on 29 April 1607.
He was a friend of Henry Hudson ; in 1610 he was one of those who fitted out Hudson for his last voyage, in which Cape Digges and Digges Islands were named for him. Later he backed the explorations of William Baffin in 1615 and 1616, with several of the same group of "adventurers".
Digges was named ambassador to Muscovy in 1618-19 and Special Ambassador to Holland (1620). In the Parliament of 1621 , he was active in the impeachment of the Duke of Buckingham during the crisis of 1626 that followed the aborted expedition to Cadiz , when Digges and Archbishop Abbot co-operated to coordinate the attacks in the Houses of Lords and Commons. Digges was for a time imprisoned in the Fleet Prison by order of the King, but was released on apologizing to the King, an act that John Eliot was unwilling to perform. In 1630 he was appointed Master of the Rolls .
In 1631 he was one of the commission appointed by the Privy Council "to consider how the plantation of Virginia now standeth, and to consider what commodity may be raised in those parts," and subsequently (1634) was appointed Commissioner for Virginia Tobacco.
He left a fund in his will that provided, for some 200 years after his death, an annuity of £20 as prize money for races between the men and women of the parish of Chilham on 19 May, his birthday .
Digges published several political and economic works, The Worthiness of Warre and Warriors (1604), The Defence of Trade (1615), Rights and Privileges of the Subject (1642), and, posthumously, The Compleat Ambassador: or Two Treaties of the Intended Marriage of Qu. Elizabeth of Glorious Memory (1655), a notable study of the two French marriage embassies, of Anjou and of Alençon, which revealed in unprecedented fashion the official despatches and correspondence and is a landmark in English historiography .
1. ^ House of Commons Journal Volume 1: 08 April 1614', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 1: 1547-1629 (1802), pp. 456-57. URL: <http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=9520>. Date accessed: 01 April 2006.
2. ^ s:St. Leger, Warham (DNB00) <http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/St._Leger,_Warham_(DNB00)>
3. ^ "The laws of England have taught us that kings cannot command ill or unlawful things. And whatsoever ill events succeed, the executioners of such designs must answer for them". \emdash Sir Dudley Digges, 1626, quoted by Sommerville.
4. ^ "St. Mary's, Chilham" <http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~tasha27/chilham/events/pp2001/digges.html>
"William Baffin, 1615-16" <http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/northwest-passage/baffin.htm>
Cambridge History of English and American Literature (1907\endash 21), vol VII, ch. viii.4 The Compleat Ambassador <http://www.bartleby.com/217/0804.html>.
J.P. Sommerville, "The crisis of 1626" <http://history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/123%20292%201626.htm>
National Portrait Gallery, London: <http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp56357> Sir Dudley Digges, sitter in three portraits (early nineteenth-century engraving and mezzotints after a painting)
Dudley married Mary Kempe  [MRIN: 551617976], daughter of Sir Thomas of Olantigh, Kent Kempe  and Unknown.