Richard FitzAlan 6th (11th) Earl Arundel  24
- Born: 1346
- Marriage (1): Elizabeth de Bohun  about 1359
- Marriage (2): Philippa Mortimer Countess of Pembroke and Countess of Arundel  in 1390
- Died: 21 Sep 1397 at age 51
Cause of his death was beheaded.
Another name for Richard was Richard FitzAlan 11th Earl Of Arundel.
Earl of Surrey, The Complete Peerage vol.XIIpI,p.512.
Knight of the Garter <http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Documents/Knights%20of%20the%20Garter.htm>. Earl of Surrey; Admiral of the East and South. In the 1st year of Richard II, he being constituted admiral of the king's fleet in the westwards, and soon after that to the southwards, was retained by indenture to serve the King at sea for one quarter of a year, in the company of John, Duke of Lancaster. He was afterwards engaged for some years in Scotland; and was in the commission (9th year of Edward II), for the trial of Michael De la Pole, and some others of the king's favorites, whom the Commons had then impeached. He was appointed the next year admiral of the whole fleet, and putting to sea encountered and vanquished the united fleets of France and Spain, taking no less than 100 ships, great and small, all laden with wines, comprising 19,000 tons. This gallant exploit he followed up by entering the port of Brest, and reducing one of the castles and burning the other. He now returned to England in great triumph, but had the encounter the jealousy and hatred of the king's favorites, particularly the Duke of Ireland, whose influence over the King he strenuously resisted. His lordship afterwards entered into the confederation of the Earls of Warwick and Derby, which assembled in arms at Haringhay Park (now Hornsey), in Middlesex, and compelled the King to acquiesce in their views. He was then, by the general consent of the parliament (11th year of Richard II), made Governor of the castle and town of Brest, and shortly after captain-general of the king's fleet at sea, with commission to treat of peace with John De Montfort, Duke of Brittany; whereupon hoisting his flag, soon after met with the enemy, of whose ships he sunk and took fourscore; entered the Isle of Rhe, which he burnt and spoiled, and several other ports which he likewise plundered, putting to flight all the French and Britons that made any resistance. From this memorable period in the life of Lord Arundel, little is known of him, until the 15th year of Richard, when the King regaining his power, summoned a parliament at Westminster, and dismissed several of the great officers of state, amongst whom his lordship was removed from his command as admiral; and in two years afterwards, the parliament then sitting, he was accused of treason by the Duke of Lancaster, but escaped for the moment, and sought to retire from public life. The King entertaining, however, the strongest feeling of personal enmity to all those who had previously opposed his minions, contrived to get the E. Arundel into his hands by stratagem, and having sent him prisoner to the Isle of Wight, brought him to immediate trial, when he was condemned to be hanged, drawn, and quartered as a traitor. The sentence was however somewhat mitigated, and the gallant nobleman was simply beheaded at Cheapside, in the city of London, in the 21st year of King Richard II., the King himself being a spectator, and Thomas De Mowbray, Earl Marshal (who had married his daughter), the executioner, who, bound up his eyes, and according to some, the person who actually struck off his head. It is stated that when the Earl saw his son-in-law, Mowbray, and the E. Kent, his nephew, guarding him to the place of execution, he told them, it had been much more fit that they should have absented themselves; "For the time will come" he said, "when as many shall wonder at your misfortune as they now do at mine".
Noted events in his life were:
• Acceded, 1376.
Richard married Elizabeth de Bohun  [MRIN: 6247], daughter of William of Northampton de Bohun Earl of Northampton  and Elizabeth de Badlesmere , about 1359. (Elizabeth de Bohun  died in 1385.)
Richard next married Philippa Mortimer Countess of Pembroke and Countess of Arundel  [MRIN: 6510], daughter of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl of March  [KFFD-4HH] and Phillippa of Ulster Plantagenet Countess of Ulster  [KFRT-VZJ], in 1390. (Philippa Mortimer Countess of Pembroke and Countess of Arundel  was born on 21 Nov 1375 in Ludlow Castle, Shropshire, died on 24 Sep 1401 in Halmaker, Sussex and was buried in Boxgrove Priory, Lewes, Sussex.)