Princess Joan of Acre Plantagenet  24
- Born: 1272, Acre, Palestine
- Marriage (1): Herman 
- Marriage (2): Gilbert the Red de Clare 3rd Earl of Gloucester  on 30 Apr 1290 in Westminster Abbey, London, England
- Marriage (3): Baron Ralph de Monthermer Earl of Hertford  in Jan 1297
- Marriage (4): Amadeus V the Great de Savoie Count of Savoy 
- Died: 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England at age 35
Countess of Gloucester and Hertford. Her father had arranged for her to be
married to Amadeus of Savoy, but she had already secretly married to Ralph,
a member of the Kings household.
Joan of Acre (May 1271 - April 7, 1307) was a daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290)
Joan got her name from her birthplace, Akko <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akko> (Acre), Hazofan, Palestine . It differentiates her from an earlier Joan born to the couple, who died in infancy. Joan of Acre was born while her parents were traveling to the Middle East on the Ninth Crusade </wiki/Ninth_Crusade>. At least part of her childhood she spent in France with her maternal grandmother, Jeanne de Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu . She was betrothed as a child to Hartman, son of King Rudolph I of Germany , but he died in 1282 after drowning in the Rhine.
In 1290 </wiki/1290>, at Westminster Abbey, Joan married Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford. He was nearly thirty years her senior. Their four children were:
Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Hertford
Eleanor de Clare
Margaret de Clare
Elizabeth de Clare
Following her husband's death in 1295 , Joan clandestinely married Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer , a knight in her household, in 1297. Her father, King Edward I, was enraged by this lowly second marriage, especially since he was arranging a marriage for her to an Italian nobleman. He had Monthermer thrown in prison, and Joan had to plead for the release of her husband. According to the St. Albans chronicler, she told her father, "No one sees anything wrong if a great earl marries a poor and lowly woman. Why should there be anything wrong if a countess marries a young and promising man?" At last her father relented, released Monthermer from prison in August 1297, and allowed him to hold the title of Earl of Gloucester and Hereford during Joan's lifetime. Monthermer and Joan had four children:
Mary de Monthermer, born October 1297. In 1306 her grandfather King Edward I arranged for her to wed Duncan Macduff, 8th Earl of Fife
Joan de Monthermer, born 1299, became a nun at Amesbury .
Thomas de Monthermer, 2nd Baron Monthermer , born 1301.
Edward de Monthermer, born 1304 and died 1339. He fought in the Scottish campaign in 1335, but spent much of his life in service to his half-sister Elizabeth , who provided for him during his last illness and buried him next to their mother.
Joan died in childbirth in 1307 at the manor of Clare in Suffolk , England , a family possession, and was buried at the Augustinian priory there. Her child was stillborn. Miracles were said to occur at her grave, especially the healing of toothache, back pain, and fever.
Costain, Thomas. A History of the Plantagenets, Vol III <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=A_History_of_the_Plantagenets%2C_Vol_III&action=edit>
Underhill, Frances A. For Her Good Estate, 1999.
Joan married Herman  [MRIN: 5197], son of Rudolf II of Austria Habsburg Duke of Austria  and Isabelle of Burgundy . (Herman  died in 1282.)
Joan next married Gilbert the Red de Clare 3rd Earl of Gloucester  [MRIN: 3712], son of Richard of Gloucester de Clare 2nd Earl of Gloucester  and Maude de Lacy , on 30 Apr 1290 in Westminster Abbey, London, England. (Gilbert the Red de Clare 3rd Earl of Gloucester  was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire, England, died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle and was buried on 22 Dec 1295 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucester, England.)
Joan next married Baron Ralph de Monthermer Earl of Hertford  [MRIN: 6467] in Jan 1297. (Baron Ralph de Monthermer Earl of Hertford  died in 1325.)
Joan next married Amadeus V the Great de Savoie Count of Savoy  [MRIN: 6470], son of Thomas II de Savoie Count of Flanders  and Beatrice of Fieschi . (Amadeus V the Great de Savoie Count of Savoy  was born about 1253 in Le Bourget-du-Lac and died on 16 Oct 1323 in Avignon, France.)