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Louis IX (St. Louis) of France Capet King of France [5590]
Marguerite of Provence Berenger [5591]
Henry III of Brabant Duke of Brabant [9499]
(Abt 1230-1261)
Adelaide of Burgundy Duchess of Brabant [13602]
(Abt 1233-1273)
Philip III the Bold of France le Hardi King of France [4235]
Mary of Brabant [4236]

Marguerite of France le Hardi [4234]


Family Links

Edward I Longshanks Plantagenet King of England [2558] [9H5B-VJS]

Marguerite of France le Hardi [4234] 24,25

  • Born: 1279, Paris, France
  • Marriage: Edward I Longshanks Plantagenet King of England [2558] [9H5B-VJS] on 8 Sep 1299 in Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England
  • Died: 14 Feb 1317, Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire at age 38
  • Buried: Grey Friars Church, Newgate, London

bullet  General Notes:

Other sources show her born in 1282

Margaret of France
(1279 ?[1] \endash 14 February 1318[1]), a daughter of Philip III of France and Maria of Brabant , was Queen of England as the second wife of King Edward I of England .


Three years after the death of his beloved first wife, Eleanor of Castile , at the age of 49 in 1290, Edward I was still grieving. But news got to him of the beauty of Blanche, daughter of the late King Philip III. Edward decided that he would marry Blanche at any cost and sent out emissaries to negotiate the marriage with her half-brother, King Philip IV . It was also much to Edward's benefit to make peace with France to free him to pursue his wars in Scotland. Philip agreed to give Blanche to Edward on the following conditions:

A truce was concluded between the two countries.

Edward gave up the province of Gascony.

Edward agreed and sent his brother Edmund Crouchback , Earl of Lancaster , to fetch the new bride. Edward had been deceived, for Blanche was to be married to Rudolph III of Habsburg , the eldest son of King Albert I of Germany . Instead, Philip offered her younger sister Margaret, a young girl of 11, to marry Edward (then 55). Upon hearing this, Edward declared war on France , refusing to marry Margaret. After five years, a truce was agreed, under the terms of which Edward would marry Margaret, would regain the key city of Guienne , and receive 15,000 owed to Margaret.

Edward was then 60 years old. The wedding took place at Canterbury on 8 September 1299. Marguerite was never crowned, being the first uncrowned queen since the Conquest .[3]

Edward soon returned to the Scottish border to continue his campaigns and left Margaret in London . After several months, bored and lonely, the young queen decided to join her husband. Nothing could have pleased the king more, for Margaret's actions reminded him of his first wife Eleanor, who had had two of her sixteen children abroad.

Margaret soon became firm friends with her stepdaughter Mary, a nun, who was two years older than the young queen. She and her stepson, Edward (who was two years younger than her), also became fond of each other: he once made her a gift of an expensive ruby and gold ring, and she on one occasion rescued many of the Prince's friends from the wrath of the King. In less than a year Margaret gave birth to a son, and then another a year later. It is said that many who fell under the king's wrath were saved from too stern a punishment by the queen's influence over her husband, and the statement, Pardoned solely on the intercession of our dearest consort, queen Margaret of England, appears.

The mismatched couple were blissfully happy. When Blanche died in 1305 (her husband never became Emperor), Edward ordered all the court to go into mourning to please his queen. He had realised the wife he had gained was "a pearl of great price". The same year Margaret gave birth to a girl, Eleanor, named in honour of Edward's first queen, a choice of which surprised many, and showed Margaret's unjealous nature.


In all, Margaret gave birth to three children:

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk </wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_1st_Earl_of_Norfolk> (1300 - 1338)

Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent </wiki/Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_of_Kent> (1301 \endash 1330)

Eleanor of England (4 May 1306 - 1311)

Later life

She never remarried after Edward's death in 1307, despite being only 26 when widowed. She lived out the remainder of her life in Marlborough Castle , by this time a dower house, and used her immense dowry to relieve people's suffering. Her saying was, "when Edward died, all men died for me". She died just 10 years after her husband, at the age of 36, and was buried at Greyfriar's Church , Greenwich .


Marguerite married Edward I Longshanks Plantagenet King of England [2558] [9H5B-VJS] [MRIN: 1224], son of Henry III Plantagenet King of England [2560] [94RZ-9SP] and Eleanor of Provence Berenger [2561] [LC18-J2C], on 8 Sep 1299 in Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England. (Edward I Longshanks Plantagenet King of England [2558] [9H5B-VJS] was born on 17 Jun 1239 in Westminster Palace, London, England, christened on 22 Jun 1239 in Westminster, Middlesex, England, died on 7 Jul 1307 in Burgh-On-The-Sands, Near Carlisle, Cumberland, England and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, England.)

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