Arphaxad (Arfakhshadh) King of Arrapachtic  24,595,596,597,680,681
- Born: 2265 AM, Jerusalem
- Marriage: Rasueja 
- Died: 2880 AM, Jerusalem
From Genesis 11.
son of Shem, born the year after the Deluge
He died at the age of 438 years (Gen. 11:10-13; 1 Chr. 1:17, 18; Luke 3:36). He dwelt in Mesopotamia, and became, according to the Jewish historian Josephus, the progenitor of the Chaldeans . The tendency is to recognize in the word the name of the country nearest the ancient domain of the Chaldeans. Some regard the word as an Egypticized form of the territorial name of Ur Kasdim, or Ur of the Chaldees
Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad (Hebrew : / , Modern Arpakhshad Tiberian / ; Arabic : ' ', "healer," "releaser") was one of the five sons of Shem , the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22, 24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18). His brothers were Elam , Asshur , Lud and Aram ; he is an ancestor of Abraham . He is said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the Flood, when Shem was 100.
Arpachshad's son is called Shelah , except in the Septuagint , where his son is Cainan ( ), Shelah being Arpachshad's grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1.
Other ancient Jewish sources, particularly the Book of Jubilees , point to Arpachshad as the immediate progenitor of Ura and Kesed, who allegedly founded the city of Ur Kesdim (Ur of the Chaldees) on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jub. 9:4; 11:1-7) \emdash the same bank where Ur , identified by Leonard Woolley in 1927 as Ur of the Chaldees, is located.
Donald B. Redford has asserted that Arpachshad is to be identified with Babylon . Until Woolley's identification of Ur, Arpachshad was understood by many Jewish and Muslim scholars to be an area in northern Mesopotamia , Urfa of the Yazidis . This led to the identification of Arpachshad with Urfa-Kasid (due to similarities in the names and ) - a land associated with the Khaldis , whom Josephus confused with the Chaldean.
Another Arpachshad is referenced in the deuterocanonical Book of Judith as being the "king of the Medes " contemporary with Nebuchadnezzar II , but this is thought to be a corruption of the historical name Cyaxares (Hvakhshathra).
^ Biblical Archaeology Review May/June 2001: Where Was Abraham's Ur?
^ Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, p. 405
Arphaxad married Rasueja  [MRIN: 1769], daughter of Elam  and Unknown.