- Born: 1123 AM
- Marriage: Edna 
- Died: 1488 AM at age 365
ENOCH next married EDNA, daughter of DANIEL and Unknown
Enoch (same as Henok, Chenok or Chanokh)
Meaning: initiated; dedication; commencement\emdash probably signifying a new manner of life
This was the name of a pre-Flood city and two biblical men (one a righteous son of Jared , the other of Cain ), both of the pre-Flood world…
the oldest son of Cain (Gen. 4:17 )-Scripture notes that he was the father of Irad (possibly meaning: "Townsman") and grandfather of Mehujael .
the city of Enoch (Gen. 4:17 )\emdash It was built by Cain , east of Eden in the land of Nod . Cain named it after his oldest son Enoch (above). This is the first "city " mentioned in Scripture. Nothing else is known about it.
He built a city , in token of a fixed separation from the church of God , to which he had no thoughts of ever returning. This city was to be the headquarters of the apostasy. … He undertook this building, to divert his thoughts from the consideration of his own misery, and to drown the clamours of a guilty conscience with the noise of axes and hammers. Thus many baffle their convictions by thrusting themselves into a hurry of worldly business (Matthew Henry, Commentary on the Whole Bible).
Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and we never find that he came into it again, to his comfort. The land Cain dwelt in was called the land of Nod , which means, 'shaking,' or 'trembling,' and so shows the restlessness and uneasiness of his own spirit, or 'the land of a vagabond:' they that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. Those on earth who looked for the heavenly city, chose to dwell in tabernacles or tents ; but Cain, as not minding that city, built one on earth. Thus all who are cursed of God seek their settlement and satisfaction here below (Matthew Henry, Concise Commentary).
a righteous man who was apparently taken directly to Heaven , without dying
The son of Jared , and father of Methuselah (Gen. 5:21 ; Luke 3:37 ). His father was one hundred and sixty-two years old when he was born. After the birth of Methuselah, Enoch "walked with God three hundred years" (Gen. 5:22-24 </bible/gen5.html>), when he was translated without tasting death. His whole life on earth was three hundred and sixty-five years. He was the "seventh from Adam " (Jude 1:14 ), as distinguished from the son of Cain , the third from Adam. He is spoken of in the catalogue of Old Testament worthies in the Epistle to the Hebrews (11:5 ). When he was translated, only Adam, so far as recorded, had as yet died a natural death , and Noah was not yet born. Mention is made of Enoch's prophesying only in Jude 1:14 (Matthew G. Easton).
The only other biblical example of a person being taken to heaven without apparently dying is Elijah , the Tishbite , who was taken up by God in a chariot with horses of fire , amidst "a whirlwind into heaven ."
Enoch (Hebrew : , Modern Tiberian ; Arabic : is a name occurring twice in the generations of Adam . In one reference, Enoch is described as a grandson of Adam via Cain , and as having had a city named after him. The second mention of the name describes Enoch as Adam's greatx4 grandson, through Seth , not Cain, and also states that Enoch "walked with God, and was not, for God took him," thus avoiding death at the age of 365. Additionally, Enoch is described as the father of Methuselah and great-grandfather of Noah (Genesis 5:22-29).
Despite the brief descriptions of him, Enoch is one of the main two focal points for much of the 1st millennium BC Jewish mysticism , notably in the Book of Enoch .
In Islam , he is usually referred to as Idris ( ), and regarded as a prophet . Additionally, Enoch is important in some Christian denominations: he features in the Latter Day Saint Movement , and is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Armenian Catholic Church on July 26 .
Enoch in classical Rabbinical literature
In classical Rabbinical literature, there are divergent opinions of Enoch. After Christianity and Judaism had completely separated, the prevailing view regarding Enoch was that of Targum Pseudo-Jonathan , which thought of Enoch as a pious man, taken to Heaven, and receiving the title of Safra rabba (Great scribe).
However, while Christianity was separating from Judaism, the Jewish view of Enoch was he was the only pious man of his time and was taken away before he would become corrupted, Rashi [citation needed ], and Ibn Ezra , Enoch was held to frequently lapse in his piety, and thus removed before his time, by a divine plague , in order to avoid further lapses.[clarification needed ]
Among the minor Midrashim , esoteric attributes of Enoch are expanded upon. In the Sefer Hekalot, Rabbi Ishmael is described as having visited the 7th Heaven , where he meets Enoch, who claims that earth had, in his time, been corrupted by the demons Shammazai, and Azazel , and so Enoch was taken to Heaven to prove that God was not cruel. Similar traditions are recorded in Ecclesiasticus . Later elaborations of this interpretation treated Enoch as having been a pious ascetic, who, called to remix with others, preached repentance, and gathered (despite the fewness of people on the earth) a vast collection of disciples, to the extent that he was proclaimed king. Under his wisdom, peace is said to have reigned on earth, to the extent that he is summoned to Heaven to rule over the sons of God. In a parallel with Elijah , in sight of a vast crowd begging him to stay, he ascends to Heaven on a horse.
Enoch is often confused with Enos. However, Enos is grandson to Adam (Genesis 5:5-6), and great-great-grandfather of Enoch (Genesis 5:9-18).
Enoch in Christianity
The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews says "By faith Enoch was transferred, that he should not see death, and was not found, because God had transferred him; for before his transference he had the witness that he had pleased God well." (Hebrews 11:5)
The Epistle of Jude (1:14-15) makes mention of Enoch in a statement which has much perplexed interpreters. The author does not cite his source although it is commonly believed to have originated in the Book of Enoch. It is hypothesized that Jude fails to cite his source as the Book of Enoch was not considered authority by the early church but rather a part of Jewish literature. The question is whether Jude took this passage from any book written by Enoch, which might be extant in his time, or whether he received it by tradition or by revelation. One possibility is that he already had come to that belief through tradition, read of it in the book of Enoch, and cited it as an example of that belief regardless of his own views on the text's authenticity. Another possibility is that he did accept the book as authoritative but that standards of canonicity have tightened within the Church or that the text was simply lost to the western Church after a while.
Justin , Athenagoras , Irenaeus , Clemens Alexandrinus , Lactantius , and others borrowed an opinion out of this book of Enoch, that the angels had connection with the daughters of men, of whom they had offspring ('the giants of the past).
Tertullian , in several places, speaks of this book with esteem; and would persuade us, that it was preserved by Noah during the deluge.
Most churches, including the Catholic , Greek Orthodox , and Protestant churches, do not generally accept it. Origen , Jerome and Augustin , mention it as of no authority.
Specimens of an Ethiopian work known as the Book of Enoch have been brought into Europe, and translations of parts of it have been published. It is likely that this Ethiopian book is the same or similar to the Book of Enoch known in the Europe in the late Classical and medieval periods. Though there is now no known text in Latin or Greek, similarities between the Ethiopian book and references in other extant European texts suggest that the Ethiopian book is related to a now lost Latin or Greek text.
Some consider Enoch to be one of the Two Witnesses in the Book of Revelation due to the fact that he did not die according to Genesis 5:24. Two notable televangelists holding this view, for example, are Perry Stone and John Hagee , a belief each has stated at least once on their respective programs.
Enoch in the Qur'an and Muslim traditions
The Qur'an presents Enoch in a similar manner, referring to him as Idris (which is Arabic for Enoch), meaning the instructor, regarding him as a man of truth and a prophet, as well as a model of patience; popular Muslim traditions credit Idris as inventor of astronomy, writing, and arithmetic. Enoch is often described as having been compelled to defend his life with the sword, against the depraved children of earth. Among his lesser inventions, in popular Muslim tradition, were said to be scales, to enable just weights, and tailoring .
He is mentioned twice in the Final Testament (Al-Quran) in the following verses:
AND CALL to mind, through this divine writ, Enoch. Behold, he was a man of truth, a prophet, whom We exalted onto a lofty station.
AND [remember] Ishmael and Enoch, and every one who [like them] has pledged himself [unto God]. They all were among those who are patient in adversity, and so We admitted them unto Our grace: behold, they were among the righteous!
Enoch in LDS theology
Among the Latter Day Saint movement and particularly in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , Enoch is viewed as having founded an exceptionally righteous city, named Zion , in the midst of an otherwise wicked world. This view is encountered in the Mormon scripture (see Standard Works ), the Pearl of Great Price and the Doctrine and Covenants , which states that not only Enoch, but the entire peoples of the city of Zion, were taken to Heaven without death , because of their piety. (Zion is defined as "the pure in heart" and this city of Zion will return to the earth at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.) The Doctrine and Covenants further states that Enoch prophesied that one of his descendants, Noah , and his family, would survive a Great Flood and thus carry on the human race and preserve the Gospel . The Book of Moses in the Pearl of Great Price has several chapters that give an account of Enoch's preaching, visions and conversations with God. In these same chapters are details concerning the wars, violence and natural disasters in Enoch's day, and notable miracles performed by Enoch. The Book of Moses is itself an excerpt from Joseph Smith's translation of the Bible, which is published in full, complete with these chapters concerning Enoch, by Community of Christ , as the Holy Scriptures/Inspired Version of the Bible , where it appears as part of the Book of Genesis. D&C 104:24 (CofC) / 107:48-49 (LDS) states that Adam ordained Enoch to the higher priesthood (now called the Melchizedek , after the great high priest) at age 25, that he was 65 when Adam blessed him, and he lived 365 years after that until he was translated, so making him 430 years old when that occurred.
Additionally in LDS theology, Enoch is implied to be the scribe who recorded Adam 's blessings and prophecies at Adam-ondi-Ahman , as recorded in D&C 104:29b (CofC) / 107:53-57 (LDS).
Enoch and Daniel
Several scholars, beginning with Halévy, Cheyne, and Black, have proposed that the reference to Daniel in the book of Ezekiel originally referred to Enoch, and was emended later to shore up the Book of Daniel 's authority.
The Books of Enoch
Three extensive apocryphal works are attributed to Enoch (Henosch):
1st Book of Enoch , or simply the Book of Enoch , an apocryphal book in the Ethiopic Bible that is usually dated between the third century BC and the first century AD.
2nd Book of Enoch , an apocryphal book in the Old Slavonic Bible usually dated the first century AD.
3rd Book of Enoch , a Kabbalistic Rabbinic text in Hebrew usually dated the fifth century AD.
These recount how Enoch is taken up to Heaven and is appointed guardian of all the celestial treasures, chief of the archangels, and the immediate attendant on God's throne. He is subsequently taught all secrets and mysteries and, with all the angels at his back, fulfills of his own accord whatever comes out of the mouth of God, executing His decrees. Enoch was also seen as the inventor of writing, and teacher of astronomy and arithmetics, all three reflecting the interpretation of his name as meaning initiated.
Much esoteric literature like the 3rd Book of Enoch identifies Enoch as the Metatron , the angel which communicates God's word. In consequence, Enoch was seen, by this literature, and the ancient kabbala of Jewish mysticism, as having been the one which communicated God's revelation to Moses, in particular, the dictator of the Book of Jubilees .
Association with other figures
Due to the association of Enoch in Jewish legend (jHenosch) with learning and writing, the Ancient Greeks identified him as Hermes Trismegistus , a syncretic deity. Consequently, they also regarded him as the discoverer of the zodiac and of astronomy in general. Enoch also appeared in tales describing heroes being permanently taken by the Gods, such as Ganymede .[citation needed ] In historical criticism, these stories are seen as being the influence behind more elaborate traditions such as Enoch travelling to Heaven via a flying horse (compare pegasus ).[citation needed ]
Scholars link Enoch with the ancient Sumerian king Emmeduranki . The specific lifespan of Enoch, 365 years, corresponding to the duration of the solar year , is linked to Emmeduranki's association with the sun god Utu .
According to figurists (a group of Jesuit missionaries mainly leaded by Joachim Bouvet into China at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century and based on ideas of Matteo Ricci 1552 to 1610), Fu Xi in China's ancient history is actually Enoch. Fu Xi or Fu Hsi (Chinese </wiki/Chinese_language>: pinyin : fúx aka Paoxi (simplified Chinese : traditional Chinese : pinyin : páox mid 2800s BC, was the first of the Three Sovereigns ( s of ancient China . He is a culture hero reputed to be the inventor of writing , fishing , and trapping . However Cangjie </wiki/Cangjie> is also said to have invented writing. Traditionally, Fu Xi is considered the originator of the I Ching (also known as the Yi Jing or Zhou Yi), which work is attributed to his reading of the He Map (or the Yellow River Map). According to this tradition, Fu Xi had the arrangement of the trigrams ( b of the I Ching revealed to him supernaturally.This arrangement precedes the compilation of the I Ching during the Zhou dynasty . He is said to have discovered the arrangement in markings on the back of a mythical dragon-horse (sometimes said to be a turtle) that emerged from the river Luo . This discovery is also said to have been the origin of calligraphy . Fu Xi is also credited with the invention of the Guqin , together with Shennong and Huang Di.
In Philip Pullman 's His Dark Materials trilogy, the angel Metatron is revealed to have been Enoch when he lived on Earth.
In Neal Stephenson 's Baroque Cycle trilogy and the earlier Cryptonomicon , the character Enoch Root or Enoch the Red is alive through several centuries and may be suspected of being a supernatural being.
1. ^ <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02723b.htm>
2. ^ Brock, H. (1907). Joachim Bouvet. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
3. ^ <http://archives.catholic.org.hk/books/author/bouvet.htm>
4. ^ Etat présent de la Chine, en figures gravées par P. Giffart sur les dessins apportés au roi par le P. J. Bouvet (Paris, 1697)
5. ^ Portrait histoique de l'empereur de la Chine (Paris, 1697)
6. ^ Li, Shenwen, 2001, Stratégies missionnaires des Jésuites Français en Nouvelle-France et en Chine au XVIIieme siècle, Les Presses de l'Université Laval, L'Harmattan, ISBN 2747511235
7. ^ Etat présent de la Chine, en figures gravées par P. Giffart sur les dessins apportés au roi par le P. J. Bouvet (Paris, 1697)
8. ^ Portrait histoique de l'empereur de la Chine (Paris, 1697)
9. ^ Li, Shenwen, 2001, Stratégies missionnaires des Jésuites Français en Nouvelle-France et en Chine au XVIIieme siècle, Les Presses de l'Université Laval, L'Harmattan, ISBN 2747511235
Enoch married Edna  [MRIN: 1785], daughter of Daniel  and Unknown.