Zaida (Isabella)  24
- Born: Alicante, Spain
- Marriage (1): al Ma'mun of Seville Prince of Seville 
- Marriage (2): Alfonso VI Ferdinandez King of Leon and Castile  in 1098
- Died: 1107
Another name for Zaida was Zaida/Ximena (Isabella/Elizabeth).
Zaida is an important 'gateway' to show European royalty as descended from Muhammed. She was the concubine of King Alfonso VI and mother of his only son (who died heirless), and probably mother of the two daughters shown here (though confusion arises because Alfonso's fourth wife had the same Christian name as was given to Zaida). However, nothing certain is known of her ancestry: showing the Emir of Seville as her father seems to be an old error.
It may look like Zaida married her brother from this data! This is because of
a conflict between sources on who she was. Sources in Morocco are convinced
she was the daughter of the Emir. They claim that the Christians in Spain
removed and altered records that indicated a Muslim ancestory for their Royal
houses. The Emir was exiled in Morocco after being expelled from Spain, and it
is claimed records from this time are still in Morocco. I leave it for future
scholars to investigate. Others say she did not mother any children by Alfonso
Princess Zaida of Seville was a refugee Muslim princess who was a mistress and then perhaps queen of Alfonso VI of Castile .
She is said by Iberian Muslim sources to have been the daughter-in-law of Al Mutamid , the Muslim King of Seville, wife of his son Abu al Fatah al Ma'Mun, Emir of Cordoba , (d. 1091). Later Iberian Christian chroniclers call her Al Mutamid's daughter, but the Islamic chroniclers are considered more reliable.  With the fall of Seville to the Almoravids , she fled to the protection of Alfonso VI of Castile , becoming his mistress, converting to Christianity and taking the baptismal name of Isabel.
She was the mother of Alfonso VI of Castile 's only son, Sancho , who, though illegitimate, was named his father's heir but was killed in the Battle of Uclés of 1108 during his father's lifetime. It has been suggested that Alfonso's fourth wife, Isabel, was identical to Zaida, but this is still subject to scholarly debate, others making Queen Isabel distinct from the mistress or suggesting that Alfonso had two successive wives of this name, with Zaida being the second Queen Isabel. Alfonso's daughters Elvira and Sancha, were by Queen Isabel, and hence may have been Zaida's.
She died in childbirth, and it is unclear whether the child being delivered was Sancho, Sancha or Elvira (the younger of the two if Zaida is indeed identical to Queen Isabel, their order of birth not being known), or an additional child, otherwise unknown. A funerary marker once at Sahagun bore the inscription:
H.R. Regina Elisabeth, uxor regis Adefonsi, filia Benabet Regis Sevillae, quae prius Zayda, fuit vocata
("Queen Isabel, wife of King Alfonso, daughter of Aben-abeth, king of Seville; previously called Zayda.")
The tomb was later moved to Leon where the sepulchre and inscription can now be found. A second inscription memorializes Queen Isabel, making her daughter of Louis, King of France (although there was no such king in the generation prior to Queen Isabel). Both memorials are non-contemporary and neither is generally viewed as credible.
1. ^ Cawley, Medieval Lands; Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Lévi-Provençal; Montaner Frutos; Palencia; Salazar y Acha
2. ^ a b c d Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Montaner Frutos; Palencia; Salazar y Acha
3. ^ Martínez Díez; Salazar y Acha
4. ^ Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Montaner Frutos; Palencia
5. ^ Reilly
6. ^ Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Palencia; Reilly; Salazar y Acha
7. ^ Canal Sánchez-Pagín; Palencia; Salazar y Acha
José Maria Canal Sánchez-Pagín, "Jimena Muñoz, Amiga de Alfonso VI", Anuario de Estudios Medievales, 21:11\endash 40 (1991).
Évariste Lévi-Provençal , "La 'Mora Zaida' femme d'Alfonse VI de Castile et leur fils l'Infant D.Sancho", Hesperis, 18:1\endash 8,200-1 (1934).
Gonzalo Martínez Díez, Alfonso VI: Señor del Cid, conquistador de Toledo (2003).
Alberto Montaner Frutos, "La Mora Zaida, entre historia y legenda (con una reflexión sobre la técnica historiográfica alfonsí)" in Historist Essays on Hispano-Medieval Narrative: In Memory of Roger M. Walker, 272\endash 352 (2005).
Clemente Palencia, "Historia y Legendas de las Mujeres de Alfonso VI", in Estudios Sobre Alfonso VI y la Reconquista de Toledo, 281\endash 90 (1988).
Bernard F. Reilly, The Kingdom of León-Castilla under King Alfonso VI, 1065\endash 1109 <http://libro.uca.edu/alfonso6/alfonso.htm> (Princeton University Press, 1988)
Jaime de Salazar y Acha, "Contribución al estudio del reinado de Alfonso VI de Castilla: algunas aclaraciones sobre su política matrimonial." Anales de la Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía, 2:299-336 (1992-1993).
Jaime de Salazar y Acha, "De nuevo sobre la mora Zaida." Hidalguía: la Revista de Genealogía, Nobreza y Armas. 54:225\endash 242 (2007).
Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Castile and Leon, Counts and Kings.
Zaida married al Ma'mun of Seville Prince of Seville  [MRIN: 3147], son of Abul-Kasim Muhammad be Abbad al-Mu'tamid Emir of Seville  and I'tamid Former Slave . (al Ma'mun of Seville Prince of Seville  died in 1090 in Cordoba.)
Zaida next married Alfonso VI Ferdinandez King of Leon and Castile  [MRIN: 3085], son of Ferdinand I the Great of Castile Sanchez King of León  and Sancha of Leon Queen of Leon , in 1098. (Alfonso VI Ferdinandez King of Leon and Castile  was born before Jun 1040 and died on 29 Jun 1109.)