Llywelyn Fawr the Great ap Iowerth Prince of Wales  24
- Born: 1173, Dolwyddelan, Gwynedd, Wales
- Marriage (1): Gwenllian  [9Z8K-RXG]
- Marriage (2): Joan of England Plantagenet  [9SYB-98L]
- Marriage (3): Tangwystyl Goch 
- Died: 11 Apr 1240 at age 67
- Buried: Conway
FamilySearch ID: 9CC1-7MC.
Sources disagree on the name of the mother of Gruffydd, some say it is
Llewelyn Fawr ap Iowerth, Prince of Wales was born in 1173 in Dolwyddelan, Gwynedd, Wales . He was the son of Iorwerth Drwyndwn ap Owain Gwynedd <p40.htm> and Marared/Margaret . He and Tangwystyl Goch had a liaison producing children before Llewelyn married Joan Plantagenet. A liaison or marriage has been mentioned between Llewelyn Fawr ap Iowerth, Prince of Wales and Gwenllian assumed to be in Llywelyn's younger days. He married Joan Plantagenet, daughter of John I Plantagenet, King of England and Agatha Ferrers , in 1205. He died of natural causes on 11 April 1240 in Aberconwy, Gwynedd, Wales . He was buried after 11 April 1240 in Aberconwy Abbey, Aberconwy, Gwynedd, Wales .
Llywelyn II, was also known as "The Great," Prince of Gwynedd (Northern Wales 1194-1240), Prince of Wales, and Ruler of All Wales (1203-1240). Llewelyn was the son of Iorwerth Drwyndwn ap Owain Gwynedd and considered to be the true heir of Iorwerth's father, Owain Gwynedd, the son of Gruffudd Ap Cynan of the House of Aberffraw (Geoffrey Plantagent, father of Henry II of England, is another descendant of the House of Aberffraw). In 1230, Llewelyn had William de Breos (father of his daughter-in-law Isabella) hanged "for excessive familiarity" with his wife Joanna. Llewelyn spent most of his life fighting off his father-in-law, King John, and trying to free Wales from English domination. He also spent a good deal of time fighting with the other Marcher Lords of Wales over territory. There are some wonderful historical novels about this period in Wales and the romance and lives of Llewelyn and Joanna, including King John of England, written by Sharon Kay Penman. Children of Llewelyn Fawr ap Iowerth, Prince of Wales and Tangwystyl Goch:
Gruffydd ap Llewelyn Fawr+ b. 1196, d. 1 Mar 1244
Gwladys DDU The Dark b. 1198, d. 1251
(?) Helen b. ?unknown
Children of Llewelyn Fawr ap Iowerth, Prince of Wales and Joan Plantagenet:
Angharad b. a 1205
Margareet verch Llywelyn b. ?unknown
Tegwared-y-Bais Wen b. ?unknown
Elen or Helena b. 1207, d. 1253
Davydd (Dafydd) ap Llewelyn Fawr, Prince of Gwynedd b. 1208, d. 25 Feb 1246
RoyaList Online, A Royal Genealogy Database, <http://www.royalist.info>.
Historical novels by Sharon Kay Penman, two of her books about Llywelyn and Joan (Joanna) are "Here Be Dragons" and "Falls the Shadow."
"A History of Wales" by John Davies.
Noted events in his life were:
• Acceded, 1194.
Llywelyn married Gwenllian  [9Z8K-RXG] [MRIN: 2314], daughter of Ednyfed Fychan ap Kendrig Lord of Brynffenigl  [99W8-VHR] and Tangwystyl Goch .
Llywelyn next married Joan of England Plantagenet  [9SYB-98L] [MRIN: 2313], daughter of John I Lackland Plantagenet King of England  [9CXJ-N8Z] and Agatha de Ferrers . (Joan of England Plantagenet  [9SYB-98L] was born about 1188 and died on 2 Feb 1237 in Aber, , Caernarvon, Wales.)
Llywelyn next married Tangwystyl Goch  [MRIN: 2381]. (Tangwystyl Goch  died about 1202 in Wales.)