Pharasmenes (Aderk) I King of Iberia 
- Born: Abt 0035 B.C.
- Marriage: daughter of Tigranes V 
- Died: Abt 0058 about age 93
Bartom's daughter, being pregnant, went to Armenia and bore a son, naming him Adrik. Now Adrik, who had been nourished in Armenia, was a personable man, and one successful in the wars [occurring] between Armenia and Syria, slaying many of the Mumberiz among them. Taking Armenian troops, he battled with Arshak in the T'reghk' country, which is Tsaghikk'. Fighting for an  [g28] entire day using swords, they crushed [the Iberians]; and none of them turned back. They rested that night, but the next day they fought with iron clubs, raining down blows like a blacksmith striking the anvil. But they did not part from each other [content] with that. So taking up bows, they shot at each other with arrows. Adrik struck the breast of Arshak with an arrow and killed him, his mother's brother. The Iberians took to flight. Beseeching the Armenians, Adrik prevented [them] from killing Iberians, saying: "From now on, thanks to you, I am their king". All the Iberian troops fell to the ground and revered Adrik [Pharasmanes I/Aderk, 1-58 A.D.] and placed Arshak's crown on his head; and the Armenians, Iberians, and Aghbanians were one. [Aderk] was thirty years of age at his accession and ruled the Iberians as king for forty-five years, marrying the daughter of the Armenian king.
In the first year of [Aderk's] reign, Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem, Judea. News came to the Jews of Mts'xet'a that kings had come from Iran and captured Jerusalem; and the Jews mourned. But after two years they heard that [those kings] had not come to capture Jerusalem but to bring gifts to a child born of a virgin; and they rejoiced exceedingly. Thirty years later emissaries came to the northeast [saying that] the child to whom the mages had given gifts, having come to full maturity, preached that he was the son of God. "Now", they said, "whoever of our people are wise and learned in our faith, let them come forth and go [to find out about] this matter". Having heard this, Elios of Mts'xet'a [and] Lunkinos Karsnets'i went. They arrived on the day of the great Friday of the Lord's torment. And they brought back to Mts'xet'a the Lord's robe. [g29]
In the days of this same king Aderk, two of the Twelve Apostles, Andrew and Simon the Caananite, came to Ap'xazet' and Eger. Saint Simon was martyred in the city of Nikop's on the Greek border. Saint Andrew, having converted Eger, went on to Klarjk'. When Aderk heard of this, he grew angry. He sent and turned Eger from that [faith] back to the idols. And they hid the Cross and the image of the Cross. The ostikan of Klarjk' was blamed for peacefully setting Andrew free.
Pharasmanes I (P'arsman) (died 58) was a king of Iberia (Kartli , modern eastern Georgia ) who plays a prominent role in Tacitus ' account of Rome 's eastern policy and campaigns under Tiberius , Claudius , and Nero . According to Professor Cyril Toumanoff , he reigned from A.D. 1 to 58, and was a member of the third Pharnabazid Dynasty .
Pharasmanes, as an ally of Rome, invaded Armenia and captured the capital city of Artaxata in 35. He left his brother Mithridates on the Armenian throne; and when the Parthian prince Orodes attempted to dispossess him of his newly-acquired kingdom, Pharasmanes assembled a large army, with which he totally defeated the Parthians in a pitched battle (Tacitus, Annals . vi. 32-35). At a later period (c. 52) he instigated his son Rhadamistus , whose ambitious and aspiring character began to give him umbrage, to make war upon his uncle Mithridates, and supported him in his enterprise; but when Rhadamistus was in his turn expelled by the Parthians, after a short reign (AD 55), and took refuge again in his father's dominions; Pharasmanes, in order to curry favor with the Romans, who had expressed their displeasure at the proceedings of Rhadamistus, put his son to death (ib. xii. 42-48, xiii. 6, 37.). Pharasmanes was apparently succeeded by his son Mithridates (Mirdat) II .
Toumanoff has tentatively suggested the identification of Pharasmanes with the Aderki (or Rok) of the medieval Georgian chronicles whose reign is said to have coincided with the appearance of the first Christian communities in Georgia, and the travel of the Jews from Mtskheta to Jerusalem whence they witnessed the crucifixion of Jesus and brought the Holy Tunic to Iberia. According to the Georgian chronicles, Aderki's division of his kingdom between his two sons, Kartam (Kardzam) and Bartom (Bratman), inaugurated the start of dyarchy in Iberia which would last for five generations. Many modern scholars, however, doubt the existence of the diarchy, for the contemporary foreign source make references only to sole monarch.
1. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril (1967). Studies in Christian Caucasian History, p. 101. Georgetown University Press .
2. ^ Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, pp. 285-287. Peeters Publishers, ISBN 90-429-1318-5 .
Pharasmenes married daughter of Tigranes V  [MRIN: 551617132], daughter of Tigranes V the Herodian basileus of Greater Armenia  and Unknown.